Chakravarti Rajagopalachari Biography (1878 - 1972)

Born : 10 December 1878
Died : 25 December 1972

Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (10 December 1878 – 25 December 1972), casually called Rajaji or C.R., was an Indian notary, sovereignty protester, politician, author and statesman. Rajagopalachari was the previous Governor-General of India. He also served as manager of the Indian National Congress, Premier of the Madras government, Governor of West Bengal, Minister for Home Affairs of the Indian Union and Chief Minister of Madras state. Rajagopalachari founded the Swatantra revelry and was one of the primary recipients of India’s uppermost civilian award, the Bharat Ratna. He fervently opposite the use of nuclear armaments and was an advocate of globe quiet and disarmament. Through his lifetime, he also acquired the pet name ‘Mango of Salem’.

Rajagopalachari was born in the town of Thorapalli in the Salem district of the Madras Presidency and educated at Central College, Bangalore, and Presidency College, Madras. In 1900 he ongoing a legal perform that in time became wealthy. On incoming government, he became an associate and afterward leader of the Salem metropolis. He connected the Indian National Congress and participate in the agitations against the Rowlatt Act, amalgamation the Non-Cooperation movement, the Vaikom Satyagraha, and the Civil Disobedience movement. In 1930, Rajagopalachari risked custody when he led the Vedaranyam Salt Satyagraha in response to the Dandi March. In 1937, Rajagopalachari was chosen Premier of the Madras government and served until 1940, when he reconciled owing to Britain’s statement of war on Germany. He later advocated co-operation over Britain’s war attempt and opposite the Quit India group. He favored meeting with both Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the Muslim association and future what afterward came to be recognized as the C. R. method. In 1946, Rajagopalachari was selected Minister of Industry, Supply, Education and money in the temporary Government of India, and then as the Governor of West Bengal from 1947 to 1948, Governor-General of India from 1948 to 1950, Union Home Minister from 1951 to 1952 and as Chief Minister of Madras state from 1952 to 1954. In 1959, he reconciled from the Indian National Congress and founded the Swatantra Party, which stood alongside the Congress in the 1962, 1967 and 1972 elections.

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