Bhisham Sahni (भीष्म साहनी) Biography - Hindi Writer

Born – August 8, 1915 Rawalpindi, British India
Died – July 11, 2003 (aged 87)
Occupation – Author, playwright, Activist

Bhisham Sahni, born on Aug 08, 1915 at Rawalpindi in present day Pakistan, is a famous Hindi imaginary story writer, playwright, translator, lecturer and polyglot. His works replicate his undaunted pledge to India’s pluralist culture and worldly basics. Tamas (Darkness), his magnum composition, translated into English in 1988, gained universal applause for its susceptible and sorrowful depiction of the communal riots and slaughter that accompanied India’s division. Tamas is consider one of the most potent and avid imaginary accounts of the human disaster that noticeable the era. He uses literature to depiction the partition and rule strategy of the British and the grade opportunism of the higher classes of both the Hindu and Muslim communities. He made the point that the actual wounded of all sectarian aggression are the unfortunate general folk, irrespective of spiritual or denominational differences. All his works are characterize by a sense of sympathy, morals of worldwide humanism and clear story.

Sahni participated in the liberty struggle, joining the Indian National Congress in the leave India association. When communal riots bust out in Rawalpindi in March 1947, he worked with the Relief group. Later on he connected the Indian People’s Theatre union in Bombay and worked as a performing arts under the supervision of Balraj Sahni, his elder brother. He directed the well-known drama Bhoot Gari adapted for the step by Khwaja Ahmed Abbas. In 1950, he joined Delhi College as a professor in English. He lived in Moscow from 1957 to 1963 and worked as a translator from Russian to Hindi with the Foreign Language Publishing House, Moscow. In adding up to Hindi, Sahni is also expert in English, Urdu, Sanskrit, Russian, and Punjabi. He has translated twenty-five books from Russian into Hindi, as well as Tolstoy’s Resurrection.
 He has written more than a hundred small stories, compiled in numerous volumes, most markedly Bhagya rekha (1953), Pahla patha (1956), Bhatakti rakha (1966), and Nischar(1983). His small stories disclose a well sense of dexterity. Those measured amid the masterpieces of Hindi literature comprise Chief ki davat and Amritsar a gaya hai. He has write stories for kids that are collected in the volume Gulal ka khel. Sahni has also written three plays Hanusa (1977), Kabira khara bazar mein (1981), and Madhuri (1982). Bhisham Sahni wrote in English the memoirs of Balraj Sahni, his elder brother and eminent writer-actor under the heading Balraj my brother (1981). Bhisham Sahni has received a number of awards, such as the Shiromani Writers Award,1979, the Sahitya Akademi Award for Tamas, 1975 and the Uttar Pradesh Government Award for Tamas, 1975; Madhya Pradesh Kala Sahitya Parishad Award, for his play Hanusa, 1975 the Lotus Award from the Afro-Asian Writers’ Association, 1981 and the Soviet Land Nehru Award, 1983.

List of Books -
● Madhavi
● Tamas
● Pratinidhi Kahaniyan
● Middle India
● Aaj Ke Ateet

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