Short Essay on Bhagat Singh in English Language

Bhagat Singh was born on September 27, 1907 in a Sikh family in village Banga in Layalpur district of Punjab. He was the third son of Sardar Kishan Singh and Vidyavati. Bhagat’s family was actively involved in freedom struggle.

While studying at the local D.A.V. School in Lahore, in 1916, young Bhagat Singh came into contact with some well-known political leaders like Lala Lajpat Rai and Ras Bihari Bose. In 1919, when Jalianwala Bagh massacre took place, Bhagat Singh was only 12 years old. 

The massacre deeply disturbed him. On the next day of massacre Bhagat Singh went to Jalianwala Bagh and collected soil from the spot and kept it as a memento for the rest of his life. The massacre strengthened his resolve to drive British out from India. In response to Mahatma Gandhi's call for non-cooperation against British rule in 1921, Bhagat Singh left his school and actively participated in the movement.

 In 1922, when Mahatma Gandhi suspended Non-cooperation movement against violence at Chauri-chaura in Gorakhpur, Bhagat was greatly disappointed. His faith in non violence weakened and he came to the conclusion that armed revolution was the only practical way of winning freedom. To continue his studies, Bhagat Singh joined the National College in Lahore, founded by Lala Lajpat Rai. At this college, which was a centre of revolutionary activities, he came into contact with revolutionaries such as Bhagwati Charan, Sukhdev and others.

To avoid early marriage, Bhagat Singh ran away from home and went to Kanpur. On hearing that his grandmother was ill, Bhagat Singh returned home. He continued his revolutionary activities from his village. He went to Lahore and formed a union of revolutionaries by name 'Naujavan Bharat Sabha'. He started spreading the message of revolution in Punjab. In 1928 he attended a meeting of revolutionaries in Delhi and came into contact with Chandrasekhar Azad. The two formed 'Hindustan Samajvadi Prajatantra Sangha'. 

Its aim was to establish a republic in India by means of an armed revolution. In February 1928, a committee from England, called Simon Commission visited India. This angered Indians and they decided to boycott Simon Commission. While protesting against Simon Commission in Lahore, Lala Lajpat Rai was brutally Lathicharged and later on succumbed to injuries. Bhagat Singh was determined to avenge Lajpat Rai's death by shooting the British official responsible for the killing, Deputy Inspector General Scott. He shot down Assistant Superintendent Saunders instead, mistaking him for Scott. Bhagat Singh had to flee from Lahore to escape death punishment.

On April 8, 1929 Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw bombs in the Central Assembly Hall while the Assembly was in session. In jail, he went on hunger strike to protest the inhuman treatment of fellow-political prisoners by jail authorities. On October 7, 1930 Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev and Raj Guru were awarded death sentence by a special tribunal. Despite great popular pressure and numerous appeals by political leaders of India, Bhagat Singh and his associates were hanged in the early hours of March 23, 1931.

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22 Comments

  1. Salute to our great Indian freedom Fighter.

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  2. Every Indian's Idol BHAGAT SINGH #ResPect

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  3. He is a really very good Freedom Fighter. Salute Him.

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  4. Salute to our great freedom fighter. JAI HIND

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  5. Believe it or not he is my grandpa's uncle

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  6. We are proud of them who sacrificed their lives for their country.
    They are immortals.

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  7. Bhagat singh : My ideal.
    Jai hind

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  8. Salute to our great Indian freedom Fighter.

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  9. he is very good freedom fighter

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  10. Salute to our great Indian freedom fighter
    Jai...Hind

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  11. Salute to great SHAHID BHAGAT SINGH

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  12. THanks For this easy essay.Thank you very much!

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  13. love you from bottom of my heart

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  14. Hrushikesh tripathyAugust 8, 2016 at 9:50 AM

    Youngest freedom fighter of india
    Truely inspirational
    Salute to the family of sahid bhagat singh......inqilab jindabad

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  15. jai hind to our great indian warrior respect

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  16. I salute great Indian freedom fighter bhagat Singh inqalab zindabad

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